Countries in the world are accelerating their tilt towards the electric vehicle market. India’s air quality is among the worst in the world. Here, zero-emission electric three-wheeled taxis have developed rapidly.
According to Japan’s “Yomiuri Shimbun” report, in the context of environmental protection pressure, not only are the prices cheaper than electric cars, but the “environmentally friendly and high-income” electric three-wheeled taxis have begun to gain popularity among Indian rickshaw drivers.
On a narrow road east of New Delhi, the capital of India, brightly colored electric tricycles that can carry 4 people shuttle back and forth.
The calculations of the Indian Auto Parts Manufacturers Association show that in the 2015-2017 fiscal year, an average of 250,000-300,000 Ebike Sine Wave Controller sold in India, and it is expected to reach about 400,000-500,000 three-wheel electric vehicles in the 2018 fiscal year. This is a significant increase compared with electric vehicles whose average annual sales have hovered around 2,000 to 3,000 in recent years.
According to related reports, India’s air pollution problem is serious. The World Health Organization’s 2016-2018 report on air pollution in about 3,000 large cities around the world shows that among the 20 cities with the highest annual average concentration of PM2.5, India accounts for In half. In order to improve air quality, the Indian government is also pushing for electric tricycles with a commission for environmentally friendly travel. On the one hand, restricting the issuance of licenses for taxis that use gasoline and natural gas, and on the other hand, has a positive attitude towards the issuance of licenses for electric three-wheeled taxis, which also makes more enterprises join the production of electric three-wheeled vehicles.
Although electric cars currently account for less than 1% of the country’s total new car sales, they may grow to more than 5% in the next few years with appropriate government stimulus. Currently, there are more than 4 million electric two-wheelers on the roads of India, but only a few thousand electric vehicles.
The demographic dividend and the advantages of demographic structure will obviously help India's rapid economic development in the future. As of the end of 2017, India's population has reached 1.339 billion, only lagging behind China's 1.386 billion. According to the United Nations forecast, India will surpass China to become the world's most populous country in 2024. As of the end of 2015, India has 190 million more people under the age of 24 than China. In the future, India will not only surpass China in terms of total population, but its younger demographic structure will become a labor security and consumer market for India’s economic development.
India has now become the world’s fourth-largest automobile production and sales country. However, due to weak infrastructure, low consumption capacity and complicated taxation systems, the main body of the four-wheel automobile market is still low-priced mini-cars or compact cars. Model.
The data shows that the number of cars per 500 people (excluding two-wheelers) in India has increased from 6.9 in 2010 to 11.4 in 2016. Compared with China, which is also a country with a large automobile and population, the number of cars per 500 people in 2016 was about 77, while the world average is about 65, India’s auto market still has huge room for growth.
In the past five years, the proportion of two-wheelers in motor vehicle sales has remained at about 80%. In fiscal 2017, the sales of two-wheelers reached 20.19 million units, a year-on-year increase of 15%. They have surpassed China and become the largest two-wheelers in the world. Countries where wheeled vehicles are produced and sold According to data, on average, every eight people in India have a two-wheeled vehicle, so India can be called a country on two wheels in the true sense.
In recent years, although the size of the Indian tricycle market is still growing in volatility, its share of motor vehicles has dropped from 3% in 2015 to 2% in 2017, which is far below the market share of two-wheelers and four-wheelers.
India’s electric vehicle market is still in its infancy. In 2017, the cumulative sales of electric vehicles in India was 6,800, and the new sales were 2,000 (basically government procurement), which is an order of magnitude compared to China’s annual sales of 777,000. Gap. The Indian government has a strong willingness to promote electric vehicles. On the whole, it is a very potential electric vehicle market.
The Ministry of Electricity of India supported the government to implement more than 30% of the tasks of electric vehicles in 2030, and launched the National Electric Mobility Program (NEMP), which focuses on the construction of charging infrastructure. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government’s goal is-by 2030, 30% of vehicles will run on electricity to reduce air pollution and curb dependence on fossil fuels. The Indian government is also pushing hard for electric tricycles to deduct environmentally friendly travel. On the one hand, restricting the issuance of licenses for taxis that use gasoline and natural gas as energy sources, and on the other hand, has a positive attitude towards the issuance of licenses for electric three-wheeled taxis, which also makes more companies join the production of electric three-wheeled vehicles.